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Title : PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF THREE WILD EDIBLE MUSHROOMS, CORAL MUSHROOM, AGARICUS BISPORUS AND LENTINUS SAJOR, COMMON IN OHAUKWU AREA OF EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA
Authors : *Afiukwa CA, Ugwu Okechukwu PC, Ebenyi LN, Ossai Emmanuel C, Nwaka Andrew C
Abstract : The concentrations of some phytochemicals in three species of edible mushrooms (Coral mushroom, Agaricus bisporus and Lentinus sajor) that are common in Ohaukwu area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria were determined using standard methods. The results revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, oxalates, phytates, HCN and phenols in significant amounts with tannins being the highest, followed by flavonoids and phenols, while HCN was the least in concentration. There was a significant variation among the mushrooms in their composition of the phytochemicals (p&lt;0.05). The obtained values of the phytochemicals in all the mushrooms were interestingly found to be significantly lower (p&lt;0.05) than their toxicity levels according to World Health Organization (WHO) safe limits. The results of this study suggest that these mushrooms may be very safe for consumption in terms of phytochemical toxicity and at the same time have some medicinal properties. <br />

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