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Title : PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF CYCAS CIRCINALIS (L.) AND IONIDIUM SUFFRUTICOSUM (GING.)
Authors : *Senthil Kumar Babu, Vijaya kumar Jagadesan, Selvaraj Ramasamy, Panneer Selvi Gopalsamy
Abstract : India is one of the countries richly endowed with vast species of medicinal plants. The various bioactive phytoconstituents of the medicinal plants were identified and used for many chronic ailments. Cycas circinalis L. and Ionidium suffruticosum Ging. are the two herbs which were used in Indian medicine (Siddha) for improving the fertility of male. The present study involves the preliminary physicochemical, phytochemical analysis of the above said herbs. Physicochemical analysis involving ash values such as total ash, acid insoluble ash and water soluble ash for Cycas (8.12, 0.64, and 5.2 respectively) and for Ionidium (9.76, 0.94, and 5.6 respectively). The heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic were found to be within permissible limits in both the herbs. The powdered plant material of Cycas showed presence of alkaloid, flavonoids, amino acids and triterpenoids with percent yield of 40% in ethanolic solvent whereas Ionidium showed the presence of alkaloid, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, amino acids and triterpenoids with percent yield of 32% in ethanolic solvent.

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