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Title : DENTAL PROBLEMS IN THE PATIENTS OF DIABETES MELLITUS
Authors : Safia Abidi, Fatima Ramzan Ali, Sheikh Abdul Khaliq, Manzar Raza, Iqbal Azhar
Abstract : The progression of oral disease is affected by chronic metabolic disorder known as diabetes. Dental health is an integral part of the general health and oral cavity is considered as a mirror of the rest of the body. The most common dental problem of diabetic patients is periodontal disease, and it along with dental caries can damage the whole tooth. The aim of the study is to determine the dental problems in diabetic patients of Karachi, Pakistan. A survey form comprising of issues regarding dental problems was filled by dentists of 94 diabetic patients. The data was entered and analyzed by SPSS 19 software. Out of 94 diabetic patients, the male female ratio is almost same i.e. 51.1% and 48.9%, respectively. Majority of patients had periodontal problems (97.8%). Other common dental problems were endodontitis (45.25), surgery (64.5%), debris in mouth (77.45), loose or carious tooth (50.55%), and inflamed, swollen or bleeding gum (74.2%). 47.3% patients lost their natural teeth. Diabetic patients usually suffer from dental problems and special care must be taken to avoid or manage these problems.

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