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Title : PSYCHOTROPIC DRUGS: PRESCRIBING PATTERN IN PSYCHIATRY OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL
Authors : Monalisa Jena, Swati Mishra, Suvendu Narayan Mishra, Sudhanshu Sekhar Mishra
Abstract : <div style="text-align: justify">The aim of present work is to study the pattern of prescription of psychotropic drugs in psychiatry outpatient department of a tertiary care teaching hospital. This was a cross-sectional observational study of one year in patients diagnosed according to DSM- IV criteria (4800 patients). Psychotic disorders 23.95 % were most common followed by Anxiety disorders. Prevalence of male patients was more than female. Prevalent age group in our study was more than 30 years of age. A total of 8338 drugs prescribed, among which 90.64% drugs were used orally and 9.35%drugs were given as parenteral formulations. &nbsp;Among antipsychotics, Olanzepine (28.98%) was prescribed more commonly followed by Risperidone, among antidepressants; Escitalopram (45.42%) was prescribed more frequently followed by Des &ndash; Venlaflaxine, the anxiolytic group; Clonazepam (39.50%) followed by Nitrazepam, among mood stabilizer;Valproate (55.91%) was used followed by Ox carbazepine, &nbsp;among anticholinergics; frequency of administration of Trihexyphenydyl (66.82%) was more than Procyclidine whereas among anticonvulsant; &nbsp;Sodium valproate(57.30%) followed by Ox carbazepine).</div>

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