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Title TRIBAL TREATMENT OF JAUNDICE TRADITIONALLY THROUGH SARGI CHAPDA IN BASTAR, C.G, INDIA
Authors Tuneer Khelkar, Madhavi Tiwari and Nurul Haque
Description The paper deals with the traditional treatment of Jaundice through Sargi chapda (Cheeti Chapda) popular among the tribes of Bastar. A survey among villages of Bastar showed that Chapda is used to cure Jaundice. It was found that a species of ant known as Oecophylla smaragdina which contain formic acid when spread on the patient’s body their sting cured Jaundice. Experimentally after adding 2-3 drops of extract of  Chapda to approx.2 ml of dark yellow colored urine obtained from patient suffering from Jaundice, caused increased acidification due to which yellow- greening reaction occurred which concluded that yellow bilirubin was encouraged to oxidize to green biliverdin. Spectrophotometric analysis at 546 nm showed that when 2-3 drops of extract was added to 200 µl of blood serum of patient, concentration of bilirubin declined to 1.008 mg/dl which was 29.808 mg/dl earlier before the extract which concluded that formic acid of   Chapda reduces excess concentration of bilirubin in blood.

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