Guidelines for Author (w.e.f 2012)

SUBMISSION OF THE MANUSCRIPT

All submissions must be in the English and should be submitted by the online submission system. Each manuscript will be provided with a manuscript ID and all correspondence is done through e-mail. Please always refer to the manuscript ID for any further enquiries. Authors are invited to suggest up to three potential reviewers, together with their contact details (e-mail addresses are essential).

In case of any problem through the online submission, submit manuscripts to our mail: editor@pharmascholars.com along with a covering letter preferably by the corresponding author.


MANUSCRIPT STRUCTURE

Manuscript Format:

The preferred format of all manuscripts are in MS Word (2003 or above). Manuscripts should be typewritten in double-space on standard sized paper (8.5"x11"), only on one side, with a 1" margin on all sides. The manuscript shall be prepared in Times New Roman using a font size of 12 and title shall be font size of 14, bold space capitals. All section titles in the manuscript shall be in font size 12, bold face capitals and subtitles in each section shall be in font size 12, bold face lower case. These subtitles should be typed in italics. Illustrations (Figures & Tables) and tables must be inserted at the end of the reference section. Standard International Units should be used throughout the text. Pages should not be numbered. The manuscript should be starting with the title page and the text should be arranged in the following order:

» Title Page
» Abstract
» Keywords
»  Introduction
»  Materials and Methods
»  Results and Discussion
»  Conclusion
»  Acknowledgements
»  References

Title Page:

The title should be as short as possible on the first page and provide precise information about the contents. The title should be followed by full names of author (s), affiliations of author (s) and institutional addresses. The author to whom all correspondence be addressed should be denoted by an asterisk mark*. At the bottom left corner of the title page, should mention "Address for correspondence" and provide a functional e-mail address.

Abstract:

Provide on a separate page an abstract of not more than 160 words. A concise and factual abstract is required. The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations and references should be avoided.

Keywords:

Provide three to six appropriate keywords after the abstract.

Introduction:

Description of the research area, pertinent background information, and the hypotheses tested in the study should be included under this section. The introduction should provide sufficient background information such that a scientifically literate reader can understand and appreciate the experiments to be described. The introduction MUST include in-text citations including references to pertinent reviews and primary scientific literature. The specific aims of the project should be identified along with a rationale for the specific experiments and other work performed.

Materials and Methods:

It should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only new procedures should be described in detail, previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.

Results:

Results and their significance should be presented clearly and concisely, preferably in the form of graphs and tables which should be self explanatory.

Discussion:

It should contain a critical review of the results in the light of relevant literature. Results and Discussion may be combined.

Conclusions:

This should state clearly the main conclusions of the research and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance. Summary illustrations may be included.

Acknowledgement:

Acknowledgements should be placed in a separate section after the conclusion. If external funding has been obtained for the study, then that should be mentioned under a separate header "Funding", after the acknowledgements.

References:

The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the bibliographic information. It must be numbered consecutively in the order that they are cited in the text and designated by superscript with square brackets after the punctuation marks. A list should be included on separate double-spaced pages at the end of the text. For the proper abbreviations of the journal titles, refer to "Chemical Abstracts". The style and punctuation of the references should confirm to the following examples:

Journal references

1. Cantarelli MA, Pellerano RG, Marchevsky EJ, Camina JM. Anal Sci, 2011; 27(1): 73-8.
2. Sather BC, Forbes JJ, Starck DJ, Rovers JP. J Am Pharm Assoc, 2007; 47(1): 82-5.
3. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, 2002; 40(5): 679-86

Books

4. Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B and Kinzler KW (eds.). The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer, New York; McGraw-Hill: 2002, pp. 93-113.

5. Bard AJ, Faulkner LR. Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications. 2nd ed., New York; John Wiley and Sons: 2001.

Patents

6. Aviv H, Friedman D, Bar-Ilan A, Vered M. US Patent, US 5496811, 1996.

Websites

7. Database of Natural Matrix Reference Materials, Compilation prepared by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA),

Tables: :

These should be numbered with Arabic numerals. Each table should be typed using a table format (i.e., each variable must be typed into a separate cell in the table) with only horizontal lines above and below the table column headers and at the bottom of the table (using 1 pt for the top and bottom lines and ½ pt for any middle line). No vertical lines should be included in any table. Each table MUST not exceed 6.5 x 7 inches. The title should be typed at the top of the table in the sentence case format, i.e., only the first name should be in capital letters; names should also be in capital letters, as appropriate. Any footnote should be typed at the bottom of the table in italic.

Model Table:
Table 1: Results of the study

Demographic Category No. of Respondents
Clinic Owners 65.30%
Dentists 34.70%
Female 76.66%
Male 23.33%
BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) Degree Holders 79.30%
BDS+Postgraduate Certificate/Degree Holders 20.70%


Illustrations and Figures:

Figures must be numbered independently of tables, multimedia, and 3D models and cited as the relevant point in the manuscript text, e.g. "Figure 1", "Figure 2", etc. All figures including photographs should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance in the text and bear a brief title in lower case bold face letters below the figure. Do not duplicate data by presenting it both in the text and in a figure. For any figure directly extracted from previously published materials, you must have written permission from the publisher of that figure for reprint use. A copy of that permission release must be submitted with your article.

Model Figure:

Figure 1: Prescription growth in the Indian pharmaceutical market over the years (2000-2009)

Note: Figures and tables should be included at the end of the manuscript

Chemical Terminology: The chemical nomenclature used must be in accordance with that used in the Chemical Abstracts

Biological Nomenclature: Names of plants, animals and bacteria should be in italics.

Enzyme Nomenclature: The trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. When the enzyme is the main subject of a paper, its code number and systematic name should be stated in its first citation in the paper.

Symbols and Abbreviations: Use only standard abbreviations. The use of non-standard abbreviations can be extremely confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.

ETHICAL MATTERS

Authors involving in the usage of experimental animals and human subjects in their research work should seek approval from the appropriate Institutional Animal Ethics Committee in accordance with "Principles of Laboratory Animal Care". The material and methods section of the manuscript should include a statement to prove that the investigation was approved and that informed consent was obtained.

AUTHORSHIP
A manuscript will be considered for the publication based on the below understanding:
1. All named authors should agree to its submission
2. It is not currently being considered for the publication by another journal
3. If the paper is accepted, it will not be subsequently published in the same or similar form in any language without the consent of publishers Any changes to the author list after submission, viz., a change in the order of the authors, deletion or addition of the authors needs to be approved by a signed letter from each author.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST
A conflict of interest may exist when an author or the author's institution has a financial or other relationship with other people or organizations that may inappropriately influence the author's work. A conflict can be actual or potential and full disclosure to the journal is the safest course. All submissions to the journal must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest. The journal may use such information as a basis for the editorial decisions and may publish such disclosures if they are believed to be important to readers while judging the manuscript. A decision may be made by the journal not to publish on the basis of the declared conflict.

COPYRIGHT
Submission of the manuscript represents that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere. Authors would be required to sign a Copy Right Transfer Agreement Form once the manuscript is accepted.

GALLEY PROOFS
Unless indicated otherwise, galley proofs are sent to the address given for correspondence. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that the galley proofs are returned without delay.

PRIVACY STATEMENT
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

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